Integrity is the practice of being honest and showing a consistent and uncompromising adherence to strong moral and ethical principles and values. Integrity can be regarded as the opposite of hypocrisy, in that judging with the standards of integrity involves regarding internal consistency as a virtue, and suggests that parties holding within themselves apparently conflicting values should account for the discrepancy or alter their beliefs.
Integrity is a personal quality of fairness. It means doing the right thing in a reliable way, not just when it suits you. Integrity is also defined as the state of being whole and undivided. A nation is said to have integrity when each citizen endeavors to have integrity.
Corruption is a form of dishonesty or criminal activity undertaken by a person or organization entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire illicit benefit or private gain. It is the abuse of assigned power for personal gain. The cost of corruption is a crippled economy that fails to reach its optimum development as well as an ill functioning government. It also affects the social development of society as a whole in that a corrupt society lacks the basic principles and values at associated with Integrity. Corruption can be grand (high-level) or petty (involving officials and citizens). Factors that create an enabling environment for corruption include, lacking policies and implementation strategies, a weak civil society and the lack of proper education and socializing systems that should create people of integrity.
The fight against corruption requires the involvement of all relevant stakeholders including but not limited to; government, civil society, private sector and media. In efforts to fight corruption, the government of Botswana created the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime by act of parliament. The DCEC works in collaboration with authorities such as Directorate of Public Service Management (DPSM), Office of the Ombudsman, Independent Electoral Commission, Office of the President, Auditor General, Public Procurement and Asset Disposal Board (PPADB), Ministry of Finance and Economic Development (MFED), Financial Intelligence Agency (FIA), Bank of Botswana, Botswana Unified Revenue Services (BURS), Non-Banking Financial Regulatory Authority (NBFIRA), Police Service, Administration of Justice, Directorate of Public Prosecutions (DPP), Attorney General’s Chambers and Competition Authority in preventing and countering corruption.
Internationally, Botswana has acceded to the United Nations Convention against Corruption, it is also a participating member the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Southern African Forum against Corruption (SAFAC), African Union, Eastern and Southern Africa Anti Money Laundering Group (ESAAMLG), Asset Recovery Inter-Agency Network for Southern Africa (ARINSA) and International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL). All these and more have led to Botswana being labelled one of the least corrupt countries in Africa by Transparency International.